The Generic Structure:
Orientation : Sets the scene and introduce the participants.
Evaluation : a stepping back to evaluate the plight.
Complication : a crisis arise.
Resolution : the crisis is resolved, for better and for worse.
Re-orientation : optional.
Once upon a time there 40 cruel thieves who put their stolen money and treasures in a cave. They went in the cave by saying “Open Sesame!” to the cave entrance. A poor person, named Ali Baba saw them while they were doing that, so he heard the opening word. After they left, he went toward the cave and opened it. Suddenly he found a very large quantity of money and golden treasures. He took some of it and went back home. After that he became a rich man and his brother wanted to know how he became rich.
Ali Baba turned into the richest man in his village. His evil brother was really jealous of him, and wanted to know how he could get such a lot of money. Therefore, when Ali Baba went to the cave again to take some more money, his brother followed him. He saw everything, and decided to go back the next day to take some money for himself. The next morning he found a lot of money in the cave, and he wanted to take all of them. Unfortunately, when he was busy carrying the money to his house, the thieves came. The Boss of the thieves asked him how he knew about the cave. He told everything, but unluckily they killed him and went to Ali Baba’s house.
After finding Ali Baba’s house, they made a plan to kill him the following night. Some of the thieves hid in big jars, and the Boss pretended that he was a merchant who wanted to sell the jars to Ali Baba. Ali Baba who was a kind man invited the Boss of the thief to have lunch together.
After lunch they took a rest. Luckily, the house maid went out of the house, and found that there were thieves inside the jars. She finally boiled hot oil and poured it into the jars to kill all of them. The boss of the thieves was caught, and put into prison.
Ali Baba was saved from the danger, and he finally lived happily ever after with his maid who became his wife shortly after.
Ok, jadi dari text Narrative diatas, kita tahu bahwa Narrative Text mempunyai sebuah struktur tertentu. Struktur dan fungsi masing-masing bagian adalah sebagai berikut :
Orientation: Sets the scene and introduces the participants. (Memperkenalkan tokoh dan setting).
Complication : A crisis arises (Munculnya masalah).
Resolution : The crisis is resolved (Terselesainya masalah).
Reorientation : Optional (Bisa ada / atau tidak ada fungsinya menyimpulkan isi cerita )
Namun kadang, dalam Narrative text, kita juga bisa menemukan adanya struktur yang dinamakan Evaluation yang berfungsi untuk menilai makna dari sebuah peristiwa dalam cerita. Yang harus kita ingat bahwa struktur yang HARUS ADA dalam Narrative hanyalah tiga STRUKTUR yang pertama yaitu : ORIENTATION, COMPLICATION, serta RESOLUTION. Nah, dalam konteks budaya Bahasa Inggris, NARRATIVE TEXT ini biasanya dituturkan dengan tujuan / Communicative Purpose untuk menghibur pembaca (To amuse / entertain the readers).
Kalau kita lihat Narrative diatas, kita tahu bahwa sebagian ciri – ciri / Lexico grammar features Narrative teks adalah sebagai berikut :
Focus on specific usually individualized participants (Fokus pada orang tertentu secara khusus)
The Use of Simple Past (Penggunaan Tense Masa Lampau)
The use of temporal conjunction (Penggunaan kata penghubung yang menunjukkan waktu)
The use of noun phrases (Penggunaan frasa kata benda yang kaya dengan kata sifat misalnya : 40 cruel thieves, His evil brother)
Types of Narrative
There are many types of narrative. They can be imaginary, factual or a combination of both. They may include fairy stories, mysteries, science fiction, romances, horror stories, adventure stories, fables, myths and legends, historical narratives, ballads, slice of life, personal experience
Answer The questions
1. What does the story tell you about?
2. What did Ali Baba find inside the cave?
3. Why was his brother jealous of him?
4. What did Ali Baba’s brother say to the Boss of the thief?
5. What did the thieves do after they find Ali Baba’s house?
6. Who killed all of the thieves? How?
7. What happened finally to Ali Baba?
8. Is there any moral value in the text?
9. What is this story trying to explain?
10. How was the problem resolved?
original source : andrianenglish.blogspot.com/2010/07/materi-kelas-x-narrative_29.html